How much do you know about the city we live in? Can you name the oldest structure that is still present in Cagayan de Oro? Can you tell the name of the mayor who opened Cogon Market that was considered as the stepping stone for CDO to become a booming city? What was the name of Cagayan de Oro before the Spanish era? Did you answer all of these questions right? I hope you did.
Being Kagay-anon, it is very important that we know these little facts about the city that we call our home. Getting to know the city’s history and its heritage is one way of showing how proud we are as a Kagay-anon. And believe it or not, these facts are also very helpful especially during Trivia Nights or even during History classes. So here are some interesting facts about our city for you to know:
The first Spanish settlement in the city was built in the present-day location of Gaston Park; it was built in 1622 after Friar Agustin de San Pedro coaxed the chieftain of Himologans, the natives living in Cagayan de Oro prior to Spanish regime, to transfer to his settlement.
During the Spanish era, Cagayan de Oro was known as Cagayan de Misamis and it serves as the capital town of then Segundo Distrito de Misamis.
Mindanao’s first university is Xavier University-Ateneo de Cagayan, which was built in 1933 by Jesuit missionaries. According to sources, XU obtained its university status first before Ateneo de Manila did. Ateneo de Manila was among the country’s oldest existing university.
The original name of Maharlika Bridge was Marcos Bridge. The name of was changed after the EDSA Revolution.
During the Philippine-American Revolution, three major battles took place in Cagayan de Oro—The Battle of Makahambus Hill, The Battle of Cagayan, and The Battle of Agusan. These battles are historically acknowledged as the Three Battles in Cagayan de Oro.
The Mindanao Battalion, composed of Kagay-anon patriots, was led by General Captain Nicholas Capistrano. The group was formed to fight Americans during the Philippine-American War in 1899-1902. Their fight became known as the Battle of Cagayan or Siete de Abril.
Gaston Park holds a marker from National Historical Institute, which commemorates the local revolutionaries who participated in the Battle of Cagayan against American power.
The Battle of Makahambus Hill, which happened on June 4, 1990, is considered as the first victory of the Filipinos against the Americans. The Mindanao Battalion was headed by Colonel Apolinar Velez, who was under General Captain Capistrano.
Captain Vicente Roa was the leader of the Filipino patriots during the Battle of Agusan. Unfortunately, the fight wasn’t as successful as the Battle of Makahambus Hill. It killed 38 Filipinos including Captain Roa.
Cagayan de Oro became a chartered city on June 15, 1950. It was the former Vice President of the Philippines Emmanuel Pelaez, congressman of Cagayan de Misamis during that time, who pushed for Cagayan to become a city. Former President Elpidio Quirino approved and signed the Republic Act 521 during that day, making the municipality of Cagayan de Misamis a city.
And that’s all for now. I hope you did learn something about our vibrant city.